Calcutta Medical College is the oldest institution of European Medicine in Asia.
Asia’s first modern University in Serampore (a Danish settlement) was built in 1827.
On November 1830, the first ever horse driven bus plied on the heart of Calcutta. It would be 1922 till the first motor driven bus arrived in Calcutta. And the famous double decker buses started plying between Shyambazar and Kalighat from 1926.
In spite of the establishment of Medical College in 1835, the hospital started operating thirteen years later. On 1st December,1852, this hospital was inaugurated with 500 beds.
Kolkata and Mumbai were two of the main export/import destinations for British beer, which would go stale and sour during the sea voyage. So the IPA (India Pale Ale) style of beer was created specifically to withstand the rigours of the sea between London and these Indian ports.
India has 7 Nobel Prize winners, either by birth or citizenship, to date and 4 of them are directly connected to Kolkata.
Raja Rajendra Mullick built the first marble palace in Calcutta. At the age of 16, he started constructing this palace at Chor Bagan. It was finished in 1840.
South Point High School, Kolkata entered the Guinness Book of Records (from 1984 to 1992) as the school with maximum student enrollment.
Calcutta, once the capital of British India, has the largest number of heritage buildings.
The Calcutta Mounted Police was born in 1912. They were virtually the body-guards of the Viceroy and the Governor. In later years, the 'Mounted Police' became indispensable for combating sudden violent scarmishes and reinstating peace and order in the anarchy-prone areas. At the inception horses for the 'Mounted Police' were brought from Australia. These horses were cared and looked after meticulously but of when they grew old, they were shot dead mercilessly. Then, they were sent to the zoo for being fed by the carnivores.