The oldest hotel in Calcutta is the Great Eastern Hotel, which was built in 1835 by David Wilson. However the first hotel to come up in Calcutta was built by John Spence in 1830.
Established in 1879, Bethune College is the first women’s college in India. The College was established in order to provide opportunities of college education to Kadambini Bose - a pupil of Bethune School, who had successfully completed the entrance examination of Calcutta University in 1878. The first classes of Bethune College were held at the premises of Bethune School. Kadambini Bose and Chandramukhi Bose are the first women graduates of India and they graduated from Bethune College in 1883. Chandramukhi Bose also became the Principal of Bethune College.
Greater Kolkata has more than 30 museums, which cover a wide variety of fields. The Indian Museum, founded in 1814, is the oldest in India and is the largest museum of its kind in the country. It is the ninth oldest regular museum of the world, and is the oldest institution of its kind in Asia Pacific region.
The Calcutta Corporation decided to make all the unmetalled roads of the city macadamized on 11th September, 1794.
The British built the first theatre hall in 1745 and called it the “Play House”. But it was the Russian theatre lover Horasim Lebedev who floated the first Bangla theatre production in 1795 based on an adaptation of “The Disguise”. Lebedev is also credited with building the first auditorium for Bangla play, the “Bengalee Theatre”.
The first motor rally in Calcutta was held on 29th August,1904.
Kolkata based accountant Amitava Banerjee is the first single man in India (and South Asia) to father an in-vitro fertilised baby
India has 7 Nobel Prize winners, either by birth or citizenship, to date and 4 of them are directly connected to Kolkata.
Kolkata is the largest metropolis of India by area.
Kolkata based physician Subhash Mukhopadhyay was the second doctor to perform a successful in-vitro fertilization in the world leading th the birth of Kanupriya Agarwal, alias Durga.