Calcutta, once the capital of British India, has the largest number of heritage buildings.
Raja Rajendra Mullick built the first marble palace in Calcutta. At the age of 16, he started constructing this palace at Chor Bagan. It was finished in 1840.
The first currency bill of India was printed by the British from a Calcutta mint in 1757.
Construction of India’s first subway system began in Calcutta in 1973. In 1986, the first section of the subway system, the first in India, was opened in the city.
The Calcutta Women’s Football League is the oldest league for women in India. It was started by the Indian Football Association in 1993.
The first motor rally in Calcutta was held on 29th August,1904.
The British built the first theatre hall in 1745 and called it the “Play House”. But it was the Russian theatre lover Horasim Lebedev who floated the first Bangla theatre production in 1795 based on an adaptation of “The Disguise”. Lebedev is also credited with building the first auditorium for Bangla play, the “Bengalee Theatre”.
Kolkata based accountant Amitava Banerjee is the first single man in India (and South Asia) to father an in-vitro fertilised baby
After the establishment of the first modern post office in Calcutta, the money order system was introduced here along with the rest of India in 1880.
Kolkata is the eighth largest city in the world by population of metropolitan area.